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Child Death Rate
Child Death Rate measures the number of deaths among children aged 1-14, per 100,000 children, regardless of the cause of death. This means that both natural health related causes, and preventable causes of death such as homicide, suicide, and certain diseases are included in the measurement. Furthermore, by setting the lower bound at one, the measurement effectively excludes all cases of infant mortality from the measurement.
As the medical revolution continued to unearth new and effective ways of fighting common diseases throughout the 20th century, the child death rate fell throughout the century. KIDS COUNT data indicates that in the last decade alone the rate of children dying decreased from 31/100,000 to less then 24 by 1998. Medical discoveries, better health habits, and a more widespread campaign to vaccinate children is largely responsible for the huge declines in death rates that were witnessed throughout the century. This rapid decrease in child death rates does not, however, imply that rates were similar throughout the country. In fact, children living in the Northeast were less likely to die, then children who lived in the South.
Data for this indicator was obtained from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). To get a more precise citation for individual data points, users are encouraged to visit the KIDS COUNT web site. Exact citations are available in the "Definitions and Data Sources" page.
Figure 1: Child Death Rates in the US: 1998